Authors: Menardo J1, Tang Y, Ladrech S, Lenoir M, Casas F, Michel C, Bourien J, Ruel J, Rebillard G, Maurice T, Puel JL, Wang J.
In our aging society, age-related hearing loss (ARHL) or presbycusis is increasingly important. Here, we study the mechanism of ARHL using the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) which is a useful model to probe the effects of aging on biological processes.
We found that the SAMP8 strain displays premature hearing loss and cochlear degeneration recapitulating the processes observed in human presbycusis (i.e., strial, sensory, and neural degeneration). The molecular mechanisms associated with premature ARHL in SAMP8 mice involve oxidative stress, altered levels of antioxidant enzymes, and decreased activity of Complexes I, II, and IV, which in turn lead to chronic inflammation and triggering of apoptotic cell death pathways. In addition, spiral ganglion neurons (SGNs) also undergo autophagic stress and accumulated lipofuscin.
INNOVATION AND CONCLUSION:
Our results provide evidence that targeting oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, or apoptotic pathways may have therapeutic potential. Modulation of autophagy may be another strategy. The fact that autophagic stress and protein aggregation occurred specifically in SGNs also offers promising perspectives for the prevention of neural presbycusis.